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Dog Coronavirus Disease

What is a Dog Coronavirus Disease?

Dog Coronavirus disease is also famous as CCoV. This is highly contagious intestinal infection in canines, especially in puppies. The disease doesn’t last long in dogs but causes abdominal discomfort for several days. The virus belongs to Coronaviridae family. It was named this because of its shape, when you view it under the electron microscope it looks like a coronet or small crown that’s made of ornaments placed on some metal ring. There’re different forms of Coronavirus, and these are not just limited to animals. Human can get infected by Coronavirus.

It is important to notice that the Canine Coronavirus (CCoV) isn’t  the sameas SARS-CoV-2, which is the main cause of (COVID-19). CCoV doesn’t affect humans. In dogs, CCoV inflicts gastrointestinal problems not respiratory diseases. However in 2003 virus outbreak, there were some low level of infections founded in dogs and cats, that caused severe acute respiratory disorders (SARS).

How is Dog Coronavirus transmitted ?

Most of dog Coronavirus are caused when dog’s mouth touches an infected fecal matter. The dog can also get virus from a contaminated food bowl or by some direct body contact with another infected canine. 

Normally unsanitary and crowding conditions favor the transmission of virus. These two factors are major cause of virus transmission.  The disease normally shows clinical signs in 1 to 4 days, depending on the current health of dog. The illness last from 2 to 10 days in most canines. Secondary infection can be caused by parasites, bacteria, and other viruses that may prolong the recovery time. The virus may remain in dog’s system for up to 6 months after the infection.

Could a human get this disease from Dog

There are some partial positive tests that prompted the officials from different countries to team up and sort this matter. Gene-sequencing was performed on virus extracted from the animals. Some results showed that the genetic sequence of virus that were extracted from dogs have similar formulation to that of humans. However, the experts confirmed that the virus was transmitted to canines from infected humans not by the dogs to humans. So even though a similar formation of virus was found in humans there is still no evidence that It can be transmitted to humans by the dogs. The virus affected humans and dogs differently.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) also clarified that there is no proof that the pets likes cats and dogs can be infected with this new Coronavirus.

American experts found no evidence that Dogs are the source of COVID-19, the virus that is affecting human currently. There is also no case of animals getting sick because of this Coronavirus. Previous experiences and cases of this virus suggest that dogs and cats won’t become infected or transmit the virus to the humans.

What are the symptoms of dog Coronavirus?

Many dog Coronavirus infections cause low level of health problems and show very few clinical symptoms in Canines. The diseases normally affect young puppies and dogs with weak immune systems.  The most common sign of Cononavirus is diarrhea, which might also be accompanied by decreased appetite and lethargy. The stool of infected dog appears orange tinted, loose with a fetid smell. It might also contains mucus or hints of blood. The illness and symptoms will be worse if the puppy is infected with Coronavirus and parvovirus. 

Are there some diseases that could shows similar symptoms as of Coronavirus?

There are several reasons for diarrhea in canines. In some cases of Coronavirus, you might see similar symptoms to that of Parvovirus, however there is a possibility that your dog is suffering from both diseases. It is important that you consult your veterinarian if the diarrhea lasts for more than twenty-four hours in dog. You should also keep an eye on other symptoms like loss of appetite and lethargy

In recent studies, some cases show that the Coronavirus was transmitted to dogs, but the virus didn’t cause any kind of sickness in dogs. In conclusion, on basis of what we found about other forms of Coronavirus, it’s highly unlikely that human could catch the virus by hugging or snuggling their dogs.

Is there any Cure for COVID-19?

There’s no treatment available for Coronavirus at the moment. The antibiotics are not effective against this particular type, but the antibiotics help in controlling the underlying bacterial infections. Withholding meals for 24 hours after the diarrhea ceases & reintroducing small quantities of food gradually might be the only effective treatment. An infected dog may require intravenous liquids to correct the electrolyte and fluid imbalances. Timely diagnosis and intervention is the main key to a successful treatment of bad virus cases. 

What about vaccines?

There are Coronavirus vaccines available for dogs. The vaccine however is not recommended to all dogs. The drug is only given to certain dogs after a careful risk assessment of dog’s health and lifestyle. The vaccine is not effective in prevention of COVID-19, it only treats the CCoV type of the Coronavirus.

PREVENTION

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that humans who are suffering from COVID-19, should hire someone who can walk their dogs and offer high quality care to the pet animals. The disease might not harm the dogs but human should always wash their hands before and after touching their pets. The dog might act as a carrier of virus and could infect other human beings who come into contact. Experts advise people to follow these precautions, and it is highly unlikely that owners catch COVID-19 from their pet dogs.

According to SPCA (Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals), there is no evidence that pets or companion animals can transfer the virus to humans.