The farmer’s and the Golden Retriever are the two breeds that are mostly being used as assistance dogs. Their instincts for retrieving objects, docility and their adaptation to any situation make them predisposed to this profession. In addition to these qualities, these dogs are cute and friendly; this greatly facilitates the relationship between the disabled person and a dog. Pedestrians are attracted to these dogs.
The dogs are selected as assistance dogs because of their physical health. These breeds have better eye visions and understanding capabilities. The puppy is selected at an age of seven weeks. The puppy is selected after a particular test for this profession. And too independent and fearful puppies aren’t considered for this profession.
Puppies are entrusted to the foster families who provide training for 16 months; They socialize and teach them about 30 orders. From 18 to 24 months, the dogs receive specific training from instructors in the training center.
Beyond the basic training, assistance dogs will learn all the exercises needed to provide effective assistance to the disabled. Every day dogs are trained to understand more complex situations, and they learn to adapt different domestic or external structure of the city. At the end of 6 months of training, the dogs are able to work with different people and different places without causing discomfort. The dog is then presented to the user, and then the assistance dog will work with his new teammate.
An assistance dog must have a high quality in their work and should not present any physical or behavioral problem. Only 60% of dogs achieve their ultimate goal, the remaining dogs are given to families as companion dogs. An assistance dog learns more than 50 different orders in his career.